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Java Developers January 29, 2024

Learn Micronaut Framework : Framework Basics and Fundamentals

Written by Mahipalsinh Rana

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Micronaut is a cool tool that’s changing the way people create applications using the JVM (Java Virtual Machine). It’s special because it helps you make apps that are light and easy to change. Plus, it’s free for everyone to use, which has made a lot of developers really excited about it. What’s really great about Micronaut is that it doesn’t need much memory and starts up super fast, no matter how big your app is.

This is awesome for developers who want to make their work simpler and quicker, especially when they’re testing how different parts of their apps work together. These tests are easier to make and run faster, helping you get things done more efficiently. In this blog, we’re going to explore the basic and important parts of Micronaut, showing you how it can make building your applications a whole lot better.

How Does Micronaut Work?

Micronaut is like a smart assistant for making web apps and services, but it does things in a cooler way than older methods. Imagine you’re building a model airplane. With Micronaut, you get all the pieces ready and instructions sorted out before you start putting it together, rather than figuring it out as you go.

This is what we call “compile-time dependency injection.” It’s a fancy term for saying Micronaut prepares everything early on. This early prep means your app doesn’t have to do a bunch of heavy lifting when it starts, which usually takes up a lot of computer memory and time.

That’s why apps made with Micronaut are like speedy little race cars – they start super quick and don’t need a lot of fuel (or memory) to run. Plus, Micronaut is great for apps in the cloud (like storing data and services online), and it’s not picky about the programming language you use.

Whether you like Java, Kotlin, or Groovy, Micronaut works with all of them. This easy-going nature, combined with its speedy performance, makes Micronaut a really handy tool for building modern web apps.

Importance and popularity of Micronaut in modern Java development

  • Micronaut Framework is gaining popularity for its innovative approach to setting up Java applications.
  • Unlike traditional methods, Micronaut handles most of the setup work when the app is being built, not each time it starts.
  • This results in applications starting up very quickly.
  • Apps built with Micronaut Framework don’t require as much computer power to run.
  • It’s particularly useful for applications that need to be small, fast, and perform well online or in the cloud.
  • Developers find Micronaut Framework user-friendly.
  • It’s compatible with Java and similar languages like Kotlin and Groovy.
  • Micronaut is excellent for creating modern apps that need to respond quickly and handle lots of data.
  • It’s like a super tool for those looking to create efficient Java applications for today’s internet-focused environment.

Micronaut Framework Core Principles

Fast and Light

Micronauts make apps start really fast and use less computer memory. It does a lot of work when the app is first built, not when it starts each time. This is super helpful for apps that need to be quick and don’t have a lot of resources, like in microservices and serverless environments.

Setting Up Early

Micronauts set up connections between different parts of the app (called “dependency injection”) when the app is being built, not while it’s running. This means the app runs smoother and faster.

Ready for Quick Actions

It’s great for apps that need to do things without waiting (called “reactive programming”). This is really useful for apps that deal with lots of data coming in and out, like internet stuff or network calls.

Cloud-Friendly

Micronaut is made for apps that live in the cloud. It has cool features for managing settings across different services, finding services, and connecting with cloud services easily.

Choose Your Language

You can use Micronaut with different programming languages that work on the JVM, like Java, Kotlin, and Groovy. This means you can pick the language you like best.

Simple and Efficient Design

The framework is designed to be simple, avoiding complicated processes. This makes apps run faster and use less memory, which is better than how some older frameworks do things.

Also read: Cross-Platform App Development Frameworks

Key features of the Micronaut Framework

Simpler Setup Process: Micronaut handles a lot of its setup work when you’re writing your code, not when the app is running. This makes things run smoother and faster.

Quick to Start: Apps made with Micronaut start up really quickly. This is great when you need to turn apps on and off a lot, like with many small online services.

Doesn’t Need Much Memory: It’s designed to use a small amount of computer memory, which is perfect for running lots of small apps, especially on the internet.

Great for Cloud Apps: Micronaut is made for building apps that work well in the cloud. It has special features for online services, like finding and connecting to other services easily.

Handles Lots of Things at Once: It supports ‘reactive programming’, which means it can do many tasks at the same time without getting slowed down.

Works with Different Coding Languages: Although it’s mainly used with Java, you can also use it with other languages like Kotlin and Groovy, giving you more choices.

Setting Up Your Environment

Setting up your environment for working with the Micronaut framework involves a few key steps. Here’s a general guide, assuming you are setting up a Java-based environment:

Prerequisites

Java Development Kit (JDK): Ensure you have the JDK installed. Micronaut supports JDK 8 and above.

Step 1: Install Micronaut CLI

Using SDKMAN! (Linux/Mac):

Install SDKMAN!: curl -s “https://get.sdkman.io” | bash

Open a new terminal and install Micronaut: sdk install micronaut

Manual Installation (Windows/Linux/Mac)
  • Download the Micronaut CLI from the Micronaut website.
  • Unzip the distribution to a location on your computer.
  • Add the bin directory of the unzipped folder to your PATH environment variable.

Step 2: Set Up an IDE

  • IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, or Visual Studio Code are recommended.
  • For IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse, there are specific plugins for Micronaut.
  • For VS Code, ensure you have the Java extension pack installed.

Step 3: Create Your First Micronaut Project

  • Open your terminal or command prompt.
  • Create a new project using the Micronaut CLI:
  • mn create-app hello-world -features=java
  • This command creates a new Micronaut application named hello-world with Java configuration.

Step 4: Open and Run Your Project

  • Open the created project in your IDE.
  • Locate the Application.java (or similar) file and run it.
  • Your Micronaut service should start, typically listening on port 8080.

Step 5: Explore and Add Dependencies

  • You can add dependencies to your build.gradle or pom.xml file for Maven projects.
  • Explore additional features and modules provided by Micronaut for database access, security, etc.

Note: Always check the official Micronaut documentation for the most up-to-date and detailed setup instructions, especially if there are specific features or modules you wish to use.

What are some alternatives to Micronaut?

  • Spring Boot
  • Quarkus
  • Vert.x
  • Helidon
  • Dropwizard
  • Micron
  • Ratpack
  • Javalin

Key Takeaways: To wrap it up, the Micronaut Framework is a powerful and handy tool for making Java apps today. It does something clever by setting up a lot of things before the app even runs, which makes apps start faster and use less computer power. This makes Micronaut perfect for any Java Development Company that wants to make apps that are easy to handle, work fast, and are great for online and cloud services.

In this blog, we’ve gone through the basics of Micronaut and what makes it so good. We’ve shared tips and info that help developers and companies really make the most of what Micronaut can do. So, if you’re working at a Java development company or you’re a developer wanting to get better at making cool Java apps, Micronaut is a great way to go for building top-notch Java applications.

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