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Software Development May 19, 2022

Java or Python Development Services: Which One to Opt For Your Project

Writen by Mahipalsinh Rana

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The development world has changed a lot in the past decade. Unlike before, the choices of programming languages have increased. Python as a programming language has risen significantly in the last few years. This is the reason it is offering tough competition to Java. As per the TIOBE index, python has been ranked the number one programming language for May 2022.

Moreover, the StackOverflow developer survey 2021 shows that both python and java rank in the top five on the list of most commonly used programming languages.

Java or Python Development Services Which One to Opt For Your Project

These stats are enough to prove that both languages are in demand for programming. But, which one to use?

Many developers ponder this question, which language to choose? Let’s read ahead and compare these two titans of the programming niche!

A Brief-Up About Python!

Python is a high-level, general-purpose language that is similar to the regular English language. The similarity of python with English makes it super easy to learn, understand and code.

On top of that, Python houses some of the most powerful programming libraries available. These libraries are ideal for being used in python app development. Developers can use libraries like Pandas, SciKit Learn, Matplotlib, etc., to make AI, Machine learning, and Data analytics apps.

Other than this, python is also the perfect pick for web development. You can leverage frameworks like Django, CherryPy, Pyramid, etc., to make creative web apps and websites.

Python is open-source, so you won’t have to spend a penny on using it. Plus, it has a wide community. You can easily seek help and even hire python developer if required.

The above characteristics make Python a potential language for the future.

A Brief-Up About Java!

Let’s drill down the basics of java. Java is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that is class-based. It is said to be an object-oriented programming language, but it has some features that prove that it is not. But, it is classified as WORA (Write Once, Run Anywhere).

Just like its competitor, Python, Java is a portable language that developers can run on any computer architecture. There is no limitation of the operating system too. One can run the java code on any operating system, thanks to the JVM (Java Virtual Machine.)

One of the key aspects about Java is its longevity. As it has been used and updated for a long time, java will stay for a long time in the future. So, you can hire a Java developer anytime easily. Another cool thing about java is the career paths. A professional java developer can easily bag a job in various fields, such as desktop GUI, video game development, mobile app development, web development, etc.

As we are well-versed with the basics of python and java, let’s break down their differences!

Java Vs. Python – A Head to Head Comparison!

There are a number of aspects where both languages excel. Let’s analyze these aspects!

1. Code Readability

Code Readability is one of the key differences between python and java. How? Java being a class-based language, needs you to declare everything before you perform an operation such as addition.

On the other hand, Python is a general-purpose programming language that has a simple syntax. It can handle a simple operation like addition in limited lines of code.

Addition Operation in Java

class Main {

  public static void main(String[] args) {

    System.out.println(“Enter two numbers”);

    int first = 10;

    int second = 20;

    System.out.println(first + ” ” + second);

    // add two numbers

    int sum = first + second;

    System.out.println(“The sum is: ” + sum);

  }

}

Addition Operation in Python

# The program adds two integers

num1 = 1

num2 = 6

# Add two integers

sum = num1 + num2

# Displays the sum

print(‘The sum of {0} and {1} is {2}’.format(num1, num2, sum))

The simplicity of python makes it the top choice for you. Therefore, you should hire the best python development company.

2. Performance

Performance is one of the most important factors considering a mobile application. Java, as compared to python, delivers a comparatively low performance. Though there is not much margin, python still lags behind java.

The reason behind this is that java is a compiled language. The execution time is less and thus better performance.

On the other hand, python code is compiled (determines the type of data) at runtime, which takes more time to execute. Thus, comparatively decreased performance.

If performance is what you aim for, devise a strategy to hire the best Java development company.

3. Stability

The stability of the code is essential to deciding which language is the best. On the one hand, java is a language that is compiled before running, which means all the program errors are discovered before running. It ensures minimum code crashes.

On the other hand, the errors in python are only discovered at runtime, which leads to frequent code crashes.

4. Practical Application

Python and java vary in terms of practical application too. For example, Java is ideal for use in developing mobile and web applications.  The reason behind this is its performance and stability. On top of that, it has a static type system, and its IDEs are universal.

In contrast to these features of java, python is ideal for artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning, etc. The reason for the use of python in these advanced niches is its vast set of libraries like Numpy, Pandas, SciPy, SciKit Learn, TensorFlow, etc.

5. Payscale

Let’s break down the earnings of developers of both languages. As per Glassdoor, the average base pay of a java developer is $93,118 per year.

However, the average pay of a python developer is around $96,890 per year, as per Glassdoor. Though the difference in the pay rate is small, it is expected to increase in the future. The projected reason for this surge is the increase in job opportunities in the machine learning, AI, and automation industry.

6. Frameworks

Python development services vary from java development, and frameworks are the key components that make them so. In java, if you want to develop an application, Spring is the framework that is popular. The framework is simple and practical enough to be the ideal choice for developers.

If we talk about python, Django is the framework that outperforms. The framework has an ecosystem that focuses extensively on numerical analysis, statistical analysis, and scientific computing. This is the sole reason it is highly preferred for advanced applications related to AI, ML, and DL.

Which is the best?

As both languages excel in different aspects required by the developers, such as speed, performance, diversity, etc., it is tough to pick one. If you want to develop an app that serves the users in the coming future, it is best to go for python web development.

On the other hand, if you are focussed on the speed, performance, and stability of the app, go for java app development.

In a world of countless choices, it can be tough to make a choice. But, whichever you make, you will surely get professional support. Inexture solutions are one of the best java and python outsourcing firms. They have a team of professionals that excel in the development practices of both languages. 

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